Endnotes and Acronyms


ACC American Chemistry Council
ACCESS autonomy, connectivity, circularity, electrification, shared mobility, sustainability
ADAS advanced driver-assist systems
AI artificial intelligence
APRR advanced plastic recycling and recovery

BIW body in white

CAE computer-aided engineering

EMI electromagnetic interference
EOL end of life
EV electric vehicles

FE finite element
FRPC fiber-reinforced polymer composite

IACMI Institute for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation
IoT internet of things
IR infrared

LCA lifecycle assessment
LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging

NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NDE/NDT nondestructive evaluation/testing
NVH noise, vibration, and harshness

OEM original equipment manufacturer

PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle

R&D research and development

SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SHM structural health monitoring

UV ultraviolet

VOC volatile organic compound
V2I vehicle to infrastructure
V2E vehicle to everything
V2V vehicle to vehicle