Electric cars charging station, electric vehicle concept 3d rendering

Electrification

Plastic can be an electric conductor or an insulator. So, it is playing unique roles in propulsion, alternative drive trains and batteries. China wants to build 1,000,000 electric vehicles each year by 2020. Global pressure is growing for continued reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  Plastics can reduce weight to help electric vehicles deliver greater driving ranges.

Propulsion Systems

Hybridization (combining of gas and electric propulsion) will increase demands for efficiency, battery longevity, weight and space savings, as well as safety enhancements.

According to The Boston Consulting Group, by 2030 electrified propulsion will approach, and perhaps surpass, the internal combustion engine in global market share.

Vehicle makers know consumers demand driving ranges match driving ranges for gasoline vehicles. Plastics innovations and lightweighting are already assisting.

Consider lithium-Ion battery packs, Ni-MH battery cell enclosures, and snap-fit Li-ion battery cell packs made possible with plastics. Autonomous electric-based propulsion systems are evolving, so powertrains will become lightweight, space-saving, and multi-electrical (conductivity, insulation).

Hybridization

First BMW i3 Electric Engine with Power Assist Gas Extender

According to the Sloan Automotive Laboratory at MIT, automotive propulsion hybridization of the auto industry is on a steep growth path. Plastics are there to assist the trend.

Plastics not only help make electric and hybrid automotive batteries more affordable, but they can add value by replacing heavy electric cells with compensatory lightweighting.

The original Volt 2011 plastic battery case alone, saved nearly three pounds. In a later 2016 version of that battery plastics saved an additional 15% weight while increasing safety by allowing additional “in-cell” fuses.

The plastic sensors, connectors, harnesses, seals, capacitors, and fuses used in hybrid drives consolidate parts, reduce noise and resist corrosion.

Plastics are known as an insulator but can be made conductive so hybrid engines might consolidate parts and reduce weight further.

Mega-Cities

Fantastic nightime skyline: big futuristic city with illuminated world tallest skyscrapers. Dubai downtown, United Arab Emirates. Colorful travel and architectural background.

Urbanization is growing faster than at any time in human history and so are the transportation needs of the urban populations; plastics will help meet the challenge.

In 1950 New York and Tokyo were mega-cities (populations over 10 million).

By 1980, San Paulo, Mexico City, and Osaka made five.

Spectacular skyline of Dubai, UAE. Futuristic modern architecture of a big city at sunset. Aerial view.

In 2010, there were 20 and by 2017, 32 megacities.

By 2030, it is anticipated that 9% of the world’s population will live in 41 mega-cities (The Economist).

Cities consume three-fourths of the world’s energy each year. Where there are cities, auto-mobility and efficient transportation will be a focal concern. Electric and Hybrid vehicles with plastics-enabled higher driving ranges will thrive as autonomous and mass transportation vehicles.

Lightweighting can increase battery ranges. Bumpers, body panels and fascia shaped with RF transparent plastic will help instantaneous safety and security calculations throughout the mega-city as the transportation grid updates itself, lets loved ones know when you’ll arrive and speed intervening relief where priorities in the flow dictate.

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